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blog名称:南湖君
日志总数:19
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建立时间:2004年9月16日

[学习天地]Four Poems to Share
edward 发表于 2020-10-2 6:13:29
1. October

October's the month
When the smallest breeze
Gives us a shower
Of autumn leaves.
Bonfires and pumpkins,
Leaves sailing down -
October is red,
Yellow, orange and brown.


2. The Sneaky, Greedy Spider
written by: Nicolette Lennert

The sneaky, greedy spider
creeps on eight hairy legs
She spins a web of silk
and fills a sack of eggs
    
She catches a tired fly
and wraps him like a mummy
Dinner is served
Her feast is rather yummy


3. Important Rules

Here are some rules for
you and me,
We know how important
rules can loe.
Always be honest,
Be kind and fair.
Always be good,
And willing to share.
These are rules
we all should know,
Be sure to follow them
wherever gou g0.



4. A Yellow Pencil

I like a yellow pencil,
A shiny yellow pencil,
With a gummy pink eraser,
And a paint all sharply black.

I can draw all kinds of pictures,
Of animals and things and people,
With a shiny, yelollow pencil,
There isn't a thing I lack!

If I want a brand new spaceship,
Or a secret house in a treetop,
Or a friendly bear to play with,
Or eleven ducks on a pond.

I only have to use my pencil,
And there they are on the paper.
Oh, a shiny, yellow pencil
Is a magical fairy wand. 

阅读全文(1061) | 回复(2) | 引用(2)

How Do Animals Spend the Winter?
edward发表评论于2020-10-30 4:37:31
The weather gets colder, days get shorter and leaves turn color and fall off the trees. Soon, winter is here. Snow covers the ground.

People live in warm houses and wear heavy coats outside. Our food comes from the grocery store. But what about animals?

Migrate
Animals do many different, amazing things to get through the winter. Some of them "migrate." This means they travel to other places where the weather is warmer or they can find food.

Many birds migrate in the fall. Because the trip can be dangerous, some travel in large flocks. For example, geese fly in noisy, "V"-shaped groups. Other kinds of birds fly alone.

How do they know when it is time to leave for the winter? Scientists are still studying this. Many see migration as part of a yearly cycle of changes a bird goes through. The cycle is controlled by changes in the amount of daylight and the weather.

Birds can fly very long distances. For example, the Arctic tern nests close to the North Pole in the summer. In autumn, it flys south all the way to Antarctica. Each spring it returns north again.
 
Most migrating birds travel shorter distances. But how do they find their way to the same place each year? Birds seem to navigate like sailors once did, using the sun, moon and stars for direction. They also seem to have a compass in their brain for using the Earth's magnetic field.

Other animals migrate, too. There are a few mammals, like some bats, caribou and elk, and whales that travel in search of food each winter.

Many fish migrate. They may swim south, or move into deeper, warmer water.

Some insects also migrate. Certain butterflies and moths fly very long distances. For example, Monarch butterflies spend the summer in Canada and the Northern U.S. They migrate as far south as Mexico for the winter. Most migrating insects go much shorter distances. Many, like termites and Japanese beetles, move downward into the soil..

Earthworms also move down, some as far as six feet below the surface.

Adapt
Some animals remain and stay active in the winter. They must adapt to the changing weather. Many make changes in their behavior or bodies. To keep warm, animals may grow new, thicker fur in the fall. On weasels and snowshoe rabbits, the new fur is white to help them hide in the snow.

Food is hard to find in the winter. Some animals, like squirrels, mice and beavers, gather extra food in the fall and store it to eat later. Some, like rabbits and deer, spend winter looking for moss, twigs, bark and leaves to eat.

Other animals eat different kinds of food as the seasons change. The red fox eats fruit and insects in the spring, summer and fall. In the winter, it can not find these things, so instead it eats small rodents.

Animals may find winter shelter in holes in trees or logs, under rocks or leaves, or underground. Some mice even build tunnels through the snow. To try to stay warm, animals like squirrels and mice may huddle close together.

Certain spiders and insects may stay active if they live in frost-free areas and can find food to eat. There are a few insects, like the winter stone fly, crane fly, and snow fleas, that are normally active in winter. Also, some fish stay active in cold water during the winter.

Hibernate
Some animals hibernate for part or all of the winter. This is a special, very deep sleep. The animal's body temperature drops, and its heartbeat and breathing slow down. It uses very little energy.

In the fall, these animals get ready for winter by eating extra food and storing it as body fat. They use this fat for energy while hibernating. Some also store food like nuts or acorns to eat later in the winter. Bears, skunks, chipmunks, and some bats hibernate.

Other Ways to Survive
Cold-blooded animals like fish, frogs, snakes and turtles have no way to keep warm during the winter. Snakes and many other reptiles find shelter in holes or burrows, and spend the winter inactive, or dormant. This is similar to hibernation.

Water makes a good shelter for many animals. When the weather gets cold, they move to the bottom of lakes and ponds. There, frogs, turtles and many fish hide under rocks, logs or fallen leaves. They may even bury themselves in the mud. They become dormant. Cold water holds more oxygen than warm water, and the frogs and turtles can breath by absorbing it through their skin.

Insects look for winter shelter in holes in the ground, under the bark of trees, deep inside rotting logs or in any small crack they can find.

One of the most interesting places insects overwinter is in a gall. A gall is a swelling on a plant. It is caused by certain insects, fungi or bacteria. They make a chemical that affects the plant's growth in a small area, forming a lump. The gall becomes its maker's home and food source.

Every type of insect has its own life cycle, which is the way it grows and changes. Different insects spend the winter in different stages of their lives.

Many insects spend the winter dormant, or in "diapause." Diapause is like hibernation. It is a time when growth and development stop. The insect's heartbeat, breathing and temperature drop.

Some insects spend the winter as worm-like larvae. Others spend the winter as pupae. (This is a time when insects change from one form to another.) Other insects die after laying eggs in the fall. The eggs hatch into new insects in the spring and everything begins all over again.

Hibernation Secrets
It seems amazing that any animal can sleep for weeks or months. How is it possible....

Learn More About Hibernation →

Easy Reading - Animals in Winter
Winter is cold. There is snow on the ground. People live in warm houses. What do animals do?

Some animals sleep all winter. It is a very deep sleep called hibernation. They need little or no food. Bears and chipmunks hibernate. So do frogs, snakes and even some bugs.

Other animals stay active in winter. It is hard for them to find food. They may live in holes in trees or under the ground to stay warm. Deer, squirrels and rabbits stay active.

Some birds fly south for the winter. We call this migration. They go to a warmer place to find food. Other birds stay here all winter. We can help by feeding them.
(https://www.sciencemadesimple.com/animals.html)

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回复:Four Poems to Share
edward发表评论于2020-10-30 4:31:41
1. Dear Veteran

Army, Navy, Marines and Air Forces, too
Fight hard for me and you!

Protecting our freedom everyday,
Making it possible to work and play.

Your star shines so very bright
Each and every day and night.

We are so proud of you,
Keeping us safe,
The Red, White, and Blue!

2. November
by Margaret Morgan

Now it is November, 
Trees are nearly bare; 
Red and gold and brown leaves
Scatter everywhere. 

Dark now, are the mornings
Cold and frosty too; 
Damp and misty evenings
Chill us through and through.

Busy are all creatures,
Winter food to hide;
Nests to make all cozy
Warm and safe inside.

3. Animals in Winter

Bears and sleeping in a cave,
Groundhogs are burrowed underground.
Animals hibernate in winter time-
Breathing slowly, not making a sound.

Birds are flying across the sky,
Fish are swimming deep into the sea.
Animals migrate in winter time-
Searching for food and a warm place to be.

Hares are camouflaging in the snow,
Foxes' furs are nice and thick.
Animals adapt in winter time-
Collecting, hiding, each with their own trick.

4. I ate too much
by Jack Prelutsky

I ate too much turkey,
I ate too much corn,
I ate too much pudding and pie,
I'm stuffed up with muffins
And much too much stuffin',
I'm probably going to die.

I piled up my plate
And I ate and I ate,
But I wish I had known when to stop,
For I'm so crammed with yams,
Sauces, gravies, and jams
That my buttons are starting to pop.

I'm full of tomatoes
And French fried potatoes,
My stomach is swollen and sore,
But there's still some dessert,
So I guess it won't hurt
If I eat just a little bit more. 
(https://www.autisminspiration.com/members/674.cfm)

6. Gratitude Stones

      This little pouch of burlap holds more than rook and stone.
It's got a bit of magic for you and you alone.

How it works is simple. Put each one on display,
Somewhere you will find it as you go throughout your day.

Stick one in a kitchen drawer or on your bedroom stand.
Put one in your pocket, to keep it close at hand!

Place one on a shelf or desk. Place one in your car.
Just anywhere you’ll notice it no matter where you are.

And every time you see a stone, this is what you do:
Think of something in your life that means a lot to you.

It only must be something that you seldom bring to mind.
The things you take for granted cause you have them all the time.

Make sure each thought is different (a most important part)
And take about 10 seconds to feel thankful in your heart.

And soon, before you know it, the magic will take place.
And every day you'll find you have a smile upon your Face.

Who knew life could get much better by a small stone on a shelf?
But that's how being grateful works. Just try it for yourself!
(© www. ourpeacefulplanet.com)

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